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5 Bites of São Paulo

5 Bites of São Paulo

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The Brazilian metropolis of São Paulo is poised to become one of the world's great restaurant cities. It already boasts the number-four establishment on the San Pellegrino/Restaurant magazine list, the elegant D.O.M., the province of Alex Atala, one of South America's most famous chefs — with another local place, Mani, at number 51.

São Paulo has some of the world's best steakhouses, a wide assortment of traditional Brazilian restaurants serving hearty comfort food, a number of first-class Italian places (and terrific pizzerias), and extraordinary sushi and other Japanese fare (the largest Japanese community outside Japan is concentrated in city's Liberdade district). In fact, as the largest city not just in Brazil but in the Southern Hemisphere, with a population of more than 11 million within the city limits and a total of almost 20 million in the whole metropolitan area, Saõ Paulo offers just about any kind of food you can imagine, at levels from the dirt-cheap basic to the gilt-edged and ethereal.

Deciding where to spend your dining hours in Saõ Paulo isn't an easy task, then. But here are a few places no visitor to the city should miss:

Breakfast: Paõ de queijo is the most unavoidable of Brazilian specialties, found everywhere from hotel breakfast buffets to street stands to fancy-restaurant bread baskets. If you eat in Brazil, it is difficult to avoid. Paõ de queijo, literally "cheese bread," is a relative of the Gruyère cheese puffs the French call gougères, but is denser and made with manioc (cassava) flour instead of choux pastry dough and typically with white cheese from Brazil's major cheese-producing state, Minas Gerais. Paõ de queijo can be leaden and nearly flavorless or supple and delicious — but none is better than that produced by Paõ de Queijo Haddock Lobo (on the street of the same name), a little open-front storefront bakery, which dispenses good coffee, several varieties of sweet breakfast pastry, the chicken-filled fritters called cozinha… and paõ de queijo that you will quite possible dream about. While some interpretations are neatly rounded and the size of golf or Ping Pong balls, the paõ de queijo here is free-form, crisp on the outside, and full of cheese and moist dough within. You tell yourself you're just going to have one and then wonder why you've eaten four. Because you've got good taste, that's why.

Lunch: Restaurante Emiliano, in the handsomely appointed boutique hotel of the same name, is a modestly sized, bright and airy dining room with luminous hardwood floors, one side of which is defined by floor-to-ceiling windows giving onto lush flowered hedges. Illuminated by sunlight, it's a warm room with a cool vibe. Here, chef José Barattino serves clean-lined, well-crafted food based on organic and sustainably produced ingredients, with slight Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese accents and the fresh surprise of ingredients from the Amazon and elsewhere in the vast Brazilian countryside. Try the elegant salad of cured scallops and fresh hearts of pupunha palm, roasted squares of sweet yellow manioc with a silky Brazil nut emulsion, ravioli filled with shredded guinea fowl meat in a smoked game broth speckled with chives, roasted rack of goat with red rice, and toasted almond brioche with mascarpone, peaches, and oranges.

Stop by Restaurante Emiliano, one of The Daily Meal's 101 Best Hotel Restaurants Around the World. Photo credit: Emiliano Hotel

Afternoon Snack: Named for a town (now better-known as Sterzing) in Italy's German-speaking South Tyrol, Vipiteno is a colorful Italian-style gelato and dessert outlet, offering ice-cream-filled fruit pastries, profiteroles, parfaits and sundaes served in tall glasses, and just terrific gelato and sorbet, from chocolate to green corn. For an afternoon pickup, order an affogato — rich, creamy vanilla ice cream anointed with dark, full-flavored espresso — or a bowl of Vipiteno's superlative pistachio gelato.

The spiders in the genus can grow to have a leg span of 13 to 18 cm (5.1 to 7.1 in). Their body length ranges from 17 to 48 mm (0.67 to 1.89 in). [4] [5] While some other araneomorph spiders have a longer leg span, the largest Phoneutria species have the longest body and the greatest body weight in this group. [6] The genus is distinguished from other related genera such as Ctenus by the presence of dense prolateral scopulae (a dense brush of fine hairs) on the pedipalp tibiae and tarsi in both sexes. [4] Phoneutria are easily confused with several other non-medically significant ctenids, especially Cupiennius, in which the recently described C. chiapanensis also has bright red hairs on the chelicerae. [7] [8] Additionally, some Phoneutria species lack red hairs on the chelicerae, making it an unreliable identification feature. [8] The presence of a dark linear stripe or stripes on the frontal (dorsal) palps and presence of a single thin black line running anterior-posterior along the dorsal carapace may help identify Phoneutria. Other features are the strong ventral marking on the underside of the legs with contrasting dark mid-segments and lighter joints, and the pattern on the ventral (underside) of the abdomen with several rows of black dots, or an overall reddish colour. [8]

The characteristic defensive posture with frontal legs held high is an especially good indicator to confirm a specimen is Phoneutria, [4] especially alongside correct colour patterns. During the defensive display the body is lifted up into an erect position, the first two pairs of legs are lifted high (revealing the conspicuous black/light-banded pattern on the leg underside), while the spider sways from side to side with hind legs in a cocked position. [4]

The genus Phoneutria was started by Maximilian Perty in 1833. [1] The genus name is from the Greek φονεύτρια, meaning "murderess". [9] Perty placed two species in the genus: Phoneutria rufibarbis and Phoneutria fera. [9] The former is treated as a nomen dubium the latter is the type species of the genus. [1]

Species Edit

As of March 2021 [update] , the World Spider Catalog accepted the following species: [1]

  • Phoneutria bahiensisSimó & Brescovit, 2001 – Brazil
  • Phoneutria boliviensis(F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) – Central, South America
  • Phoneutria depilata(Strand, 1909) – Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador
  • Phoneutria eickstedtaeMartins & Bertani, 2007 – Brazil
  • Phoneutria feraPerty, 1833 (type) – Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Suriname, Guyana
  • Phoneutria keyserlingi(F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) – Brazil
  • Phoneutria nigriventer(Keyserling, 1891) – Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina
  • Phoneutria pertyi(F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) – Brazil
  • Phoneutria reidyi(F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) – Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Brazil, Guyana

Wandering spiders are so-called because they wander the jungle floor at night, rather than residing in a lair or maintaining a web. During the day they hide inside termite mounds, under fallen logs and rocks, in banana plants (hence the "banana spider" nickname), and bromeliads. P. nigriventer is known to hide in dark and moist places in or near human dwellings.

P. nigriventer mates during the dry season from April to June, which leads to frequent observations of the species during this time.

Phoneutria are found in forests from Costa Rica southwards throughout South America east of the Andes including Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and into northern Argentina. Three species (P. reidyi, P. boliviensis and P. fera) are found in the Amazon region, one species (P. fera) is restricted to the Amazon, and one (P. boliviensis) ranges into Central America in Panama and Costa Rica. The remaining species are restricted to Atlantic Forest of Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil, including forest fragments in the Cerrado savanna. In Brazil, Phoneutria is only absent in the northeastern region north of Salvador, Bahia. [4]

Phoneutria has been introduced to Chile and Uruguay. [4]

Banana shipments Edit

These spiders acquired their other common name, "banana spider", because it is claimed that they are occasionally found in shipments of bananas, though the number of reports is exaggerated due to common misidentifications of unrelated spiders. A survey of spiders found in international shipments to North America revealed that only 7 of 135 spiders were Phoneutria species, six being Phoneutria boliviensis from bananas and one Phoneutria nigriventer from a shipment of electrical parts. Spiders from genera such as Cupiennius had been misidentified by experienced arachnologists. [11] Cases continue to be reported but without evidence of expert identification. In 2005, a man was bitten in Bridgwater, England by a spider in a shipment of bananas and, in 2014, a family photographed a spider that they claim was in a bunch of bananas delivered to their home. [12] [13]

The genus Phoneutria includes some of the relatively few species of spiders known to present a threat to humans. Danger to humans is not merely a question of toxicity, but requires the capacity to deliver the venom, a sufficient quantity of venom, a disposition that makes a bite likely and proximity to human habitation. The actual incidence of death or serious injury must also be considered. These spiders' wandering nature is another reason they are considered so dangerous. In densely populated areas, Phoneutria species usually search for cover and dark places to hide during daytime, leading them to hide in houses, clothes, cars, boots, boxes and log piles, where they may bite if accidentally disturbed.

Spider mouthparts are adapted to envenomate very small prey they are not well-adapted to attacking large mammals such as humans. Some experts [ who? ] believe that various spiders like Phoneutria, that use venom mainly to kill prey, can deliver a "dry" bite in defense to purposely conserve their venom, as opposed to a more primitive spider like Atrax that usually delivers a full load. [14] A study in March 2009 suggests that Phoneutria inject venom in approximately one-third of their bites, and only a small quantity in one-third of those cases. Another study similarly suggested that only 2.3% of bites (mainly in children) were serious enough to require antivenom. [15] Other studies, as cited in the Wolfgang Bücherl studies, showed that the toxicity of Phoneutria venom was clearly more potent than both Latrodectus and Atrax. Research in this area is hindered by the difficulty of identifying particular species. Nevertheless, there are a few well-attested instances of death. In one case, a single spider killed two children in São Sebastião. The spider was positively identified as a Phoneutria by Wolfgang Bücherl. [16] Fatalities are usually attributed to respiratory arrest, secondary to systemic effects, or directly to envenoming. Systemic effects occur in 9% to 27% of cases, the sites are more frequent, occurring from 83% to 96%. [17] [18] The severity of the cases can be related to the sex of the spider, since the male produces less venom and is less lethal than the females, except for P. boliviensis, where the male is more toxic. [19] [20] Symptoms may appear within 10 to 20 minutes after the bite, and death within two to six hours, where severe pain radiates to the rest of the limb, systemic effects include tachycardia, increased blood pressure, vertigo, fever, sweating, visual disturbances, nausea, vomiting, difficulty breathing and paralysis. Death is usually caused by respiratory arrest. [21] These spiders seem to produce a smaller amount during cold months (June to September) a minimum amount of 0.03 mg, an average of 0.44 mg and a maximum of 1.84 mg, during the summer months. The maximum amount among individuals was 3.10 mg (October 26), 4 mg (November 3), 5 mg (November 4) and 8 mg (October 31) 7 mg of dried venom is enough to kill 500 mice subcutaneously and 1,000 intravenously. [22]

P. nigriventer is the species responsible for most cases of envenomation in Brazil because it is commonly found in highly populated areas of southeastern Brazil, such as the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo. The species P. fera is native to the northern portion of South America in the Amazon of Brazil, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and the Guyanas.

One of the first well reported cases occurred with a 45-year-old man with no nervous history. Bitten on his toe, the patient compared pain to that of a knife, and needed to be supported by two men to the laboratory. He was unable to stand, did not see well, complained of general pain and intense cold, sweated profusely, had nasal hyper-secretion and began to salivate he also showed agitation, generalized tremors, continuous cramps and 112 heart beats per minute. After one hour, the beats reached 122, and the temperature was 35°C after treatment, the victim's pulse and temperature stabilized.

In another case, a 22-year-old woman, four months pregnant, was bitten on the hand. She experienced severe generalized pain with paroxysm, had difficulty keeping up and talking, moaned, had cramps, generalized tremors, excessive sweating, and rapid pulse (140-150 beats per minute) after receiving the antidote the victim stabilized. In another case, a 16-year-old boy was bitten on his left hand. The victim had severe general pain, visual disturbance, generalized tremors, cramps, profuse sweating, and a weak, irregular to rapid pulse. [23]

A 23-year-old market worker moving a bunch of bananas was bitten on his hand by P. nigriventer in São Paulo, Brazil. The specimen measured 3.5 cm long and 6 cm with his legs. It was reported that the wound was extremely painful, with the victim noticing that the bite area was sweating and the hair on his skin stood on end. He also reported that the pain radiated to his chest, and that his heart began to race. The victim was dizzy and nauseated, felt cold, began to drool and vomit, and exhibited priapism. He was later treated with anesthetics, tetanus prophylaxis and anti-venom, and recovered 36 hours after the bite. [24]

Another case occurred with a 52-year-old man, bitten by an adult female P. nigriventer. Immediately after the bite he experienced severe local pain, blurred vision, profuse sweating and vomiting. From one to two hours after the bite he presented agitation and high blood pressure at four hours after the heart rate was high at 150 beats per minute, mild tachypnea, cold extremities, profuse sweating, generalized tremors and priapism. He was treated with anesthetics, anti-venom and fluid replacement. [25]

In 2005, an English man was bitten twice by a spider identified as a Phoneutria, which was hidden in a box of bananas. It was reported that his hand became swollen, he felt dizzy, and that when he got home he passed out. He was taken to the hospital and received treatment, but his condition continued to deteriorate. He reported chest tightness, difficult breathing, and both his blood pressure and heart rate were high. He was treated with increased saline to release toxins from the body, and was discharged the next day. [26] He took almost a week to recover. [27]

Another case occurred in Minas Gerais, Brazil, where a man bitten by a Phoneutria developed numbness in his legs, redness, headache and loss of sense of time and space. [28] There is at least one record of a 10-year-old boy dying in half an hour. [29]

In another case, two children who slept in the same bed in a rural house near São Sebastião on the Atlantic coast of São Paulo, were killed on the same night by the same spider, identified as a Phoneutria. [30]

Best Beaches in Brazil’s São Paulo State

Featuring one of the few beaches along the entire Brazilian coast that actually faces west -- the better to snap mountain-framed sunset photos -- Maresias holds court as the Litoral Norte’s oceanfront party capital. All-afternoon surfing and splashing in the restless waters off this curved stretch of sand -- located 110 miles east of the city of São Paulo -- turns into all-night raving at a clutch of luxe nightclubs like Sirena, with its lineup of imported electronic DJs, poolside bar and high-priced cocktails.

Accommodations can be found at inns and “surf chalets,” as well as swanky beachfront properties like the Beach Hotel Maresias and Coconut's Maresias Hotel, but book ahead -- the party scene runs unabated from just before Christmas through Carnival, and major surfing events such as the Stand Up World Tour make the pickings slim.



With a name as unimaginative as it is absolutely appropriate, Ilhabela, which means “beautiful isle,” --sits just off the mainland, almost taunting the rest of Brazil with its near-flawless coastline of powdery sands and dramatic promontories. At 216 square miles, Ilhabela is Brazil’s largest island, rising out of the ocean like a tortoise, with a thick, dark green layer of protected Atlantic coastal forest the island is also home to tropical fauna such as playful capuchin monkeys and portly blue manakins, a tropical bird species.. Hiking trails throughout the preserve let visitors trek around the island’s peaks -- the highest being 4,500-foot Pico de São Sebastião.

Explore some of the 360 registered waterfalls, including a few dozen where swimming is permitted. Private homes and inns, such as the upscale but intimate Barra do Piuva Porto and the trendy DPNY Beach Hotel, dot the edges of Ilhabela island, whose placid bays and inlets entice visitors and residents alike to take to the water in their sailboats and yachts. Large crowds converge on the island, especially during summer weekends (November to February), because it’s only 128 miles away from the city of Sao Paulo.


Madison Suite - Living Area

The spectacular city views from our luxury Sao Paulo hotel suites will surprise and delight you day after day.

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Our suites feature extra space for the comfort and convenience of our guests

Enjoy a pleasant night of sleep in the luxurious Vinoy Suite of the Renaissance Sao Paulo Hotel

Style and luxury are present on every corner of our Vinoy Suite

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Stanford Suite - Living Room

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After a full day of business meetings or sightseeing in Sao Paulo, a comfortable king-sized bed awaits you in the Stanford Suite

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Waverly Suite - Living Area

Our stylish Sao Paulo accommodations feature exquisite amenities, such as the living room of the Waverly Suite.

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Mayflower Suite - Living Area

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Presidential Suite - Living Room

Discover this intimate space. Sit back and relax with an exclusive view of São Paulo right from our living room. Take advantage of our high technology services to an elevated experience.

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Be awed by the Presidential Suite of this luxury São Paulo hotel. Relax in this remarkable Solarium while admiring the outstanding view of São Paulo&aposs Jardins area.

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Discover an intimate space to relax and feel the intensity of São Paulo. Explore our amenities, like an exclusive Jacuzzi, to step away from the everyday.

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Make an experience out of dining in our Presidential Suite&aposs Dining Room, an exclusive space to indulge the discover of new flavors and sensations.

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Sleep in this comfortable and spacious bed, surrounded by natural light and the best views of São Paulo. Get yourself ready for another day in the city with our exclusive amenities and services. An experience like no other.

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Brazil's New Glamour Capital | São Paulo

São Paulo is becoming a style setter in fashion, design, film&mdashand food. A writer explores the city's mix of flavors.

The first thing you notice when you walk into the lobby of the Hotel Unique in São Paulo is what you might call a huge "throw bed." The size of a New York City living room, the bed is stitched from dozens of velvet pillowlike tubes which, though they look purple from afar, shimmer in greens and blues and burgundies up close, changing colors like a fish&aposs scales. One night, I asked Humberto Campana, the creator of the one-of-a-kind piece, where he&aposd gotten the idea.

"What I do comes from the chaos of São Paulo," said Humberto—who, with his brother Fernando, is half of Brazil&aposs most famous furniture-design team𠅊s he lounged on the bed with some friends. Everywhere in this city of 18 million people, the old collides with the new, the rich with the poor, the outrageous with the mundane, and it&aposs these juxtapositions that inspire him.

The Campanas are growing in renown, as is their home city: Four hundred and fifty years after its founding by Portuguese Jesuits, São Paulo has become one of the world&aposs leaders in design, fashion, film and art. Rio de Janeiro may have the beaches, but São Paulo has the more cutting-edge pop culture, the hipper nightlife and the more ambitious restaurants. For the past eight years, São Paulo has hosted Brazil&aposs Fashion Week, and this winter&aposs event featured supermodels like Gisele Bündchen and Naomi Campbell modeling the work of star Brazilian designers, such as Rosa Chá. The annual São Paulo International Film Festival is considered South America&aposs leading venue for new talent. And this fall&aposs exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art&aposs Biennial Pavilion�signed by São Paulo modernist Oscar Niemeyer—will bring together more than 140 artists from 60 countries. The museum has what many consider Brazil&aposs finest modern art collection, featuring paintings by Picasso, Kandinsky and Matisse, as well as works by Brazilian artists Tarsila do Amaral and Emiliano Di Cavalcanti.

During the week I spent in São Paulo trying to get a feel for the place Latin Americans call "the New York of the Tropics," I found that comparisons to New York City—or anywhere else on the planet—miss the point. As I looked over the city at night from Skye, the Hotel Unique&aposs rooftop restaurant, São Paulo seemed to contain about 100 different cities. The Hotel Unique, which opened a year and a half ago, is typical of the city&aposs many modernist buildings: an enormous, boat-shaped, copper-and-concrete structure covered with rows of portholes. Through Skye&aposs tall windows, you can see one of the city&aposs landmarks, the wave-shaped Copan apartment building, designed by Niemeyer. You can also see straight down Avenida Paulista, one of São Paulo&aposs main arteries, a brightly lit, mesmerizing stretch of skyscrapers and century-old villas with cobblestoned courtyards. The avenue divides the posh residential areas of Jardins and Pinheiros on the west from Centro, the downtown area, where the Mercado Municipal food bazaar is held every day. To the northeast are the city&aposs three most important ethnic neighborhoods: Liberdade, the Japanese quarter Bela Vista, which is historically Italian and the streets around Rua 25 de Março, the Arab quarter, where open-air markets sell Middle Eastern specialties.

That night at Skye, I was accompanied by seven people—Humberto and Fernando, who are of Portuguese-Italian descent, a Spanish-Brazilian businessman from Rio, a Palestinian doctor, two Parisians and one Italian𠅊nd the mix seemed typically paulistano. Like the city, chef Emmanuel Bassoleil&aposs menu weaves international influences with Brazilian traditions to create eclectic, exciting combinations. We tried a delicious fillet of sole steamed in Champagne and set atop a puree of yam, a lamb carpaccio drizzled with a mustard-grain sauce and Bassoleil&aposs update of the classic Brazilian moqueca de camarão—shrimp stewed in coconut milk with hot chiles—which he serves in a hollowed-out pumpkin. As a sort of dessert, we ordered pieces of a Brazilian fish from Skye&aposs sushi bar: robalo, a white-meat saltwater fish with the taste of red snapper and the moist texture of yellowtail tuna.

Many of the newest restaurants have sushi bars, a testament to the city&aposs huge Japanese population. São Paulo is home to more Japanese than anywhere else outside of Japan the majority settled in the first half of the 20th century. As a result, its Japanese food tends to be excellent, whether at one of the yakitori stands in Liberdade or in restaurants like Jun Sakamoto in Pinheiros, arguably the city&aposs best Japanese place. In a long, narrow, quiet space with a sushi bar and two dining rooms, chef-owner Leonardo Jun Sakamoto fuses Japanese and French cuisine to make his own hybrids. One is his signature tuna tartare mixed with foie gras, sprinkled with sake-marinated salmon eggs and served on a thin pool of demiglace.

For every experimental, fusiony menu like the ones at Skye and Jun Sakamoto, there&aposs a restaurant that serves resolutely authentic ethnic cuisine. Some of the best classic Portuguese food is at Antiquarius, in the Jardins neighborhood, a rarefied area of streets lined with tropical trees and beautiful colonial homes standing next to futuristic trapezoidal glass houses. Despite the area&aposs glamorous surroundings—the new Emiliano hotel and stores like Armani, Versace, Christian Dior, Louis Vuitton and the deceptively named Hotel Lycra, a combination restaurant and boutique showcasing different Brazilian designers each month�milies come to Antiquarius for homestyle cooking in an elegant but laid-back setting. As soon as I sat down at Sunday brunch, the waiter brought a tray of boiled eggs dipped in a salty red-pepper cream. I ordered minced bacalhau (salt cod) mixed with julienne potatoes and fried egg and sprinkled with pressed hot-pepper oil, along with a Portuguese wine from the extensive wine list, a Luis Pato Quinta do Ribeirinho from Bairrada.

The most outstanding Italian cuisine in the city is at Fasano Restaurante, in the sleek nine-month-old Hotel Fasano in Jardins𠅊 place that&aposs become, in its short life, the epicenter of São Paulo&aposs social scene. During Fashion Week this year, Naomi Campbell and Elettra Rossellini, Isabella&aposs daughter, stayed at the hotel and frequented its lounge, the Baretto world-renowned Brazilian singer Caetano Veloso has just rented out the penthouse for two years. Still, owner Rogério Fasano has made it his mission not just to create another hip hangout, but also to bring perfectly executed versions of his beloved Italian dishes to São Paulo. Ever since Rogério&aposs grandfather came to Brazil from Milan in 1900, the Fasanos have owned a string of landmark restaurants, cafés and nightclubs in the city, all influenced by the family&aposs Milanese background. Chef Salvatore Loi&aposs menu at Fasano Restaurante, in keeping with Rogério&aposs wish, spans several regional cuisines, including Tuscan, Milanese, Venetian and Sardinian. We tried a delicious homemade ravioli stuffed with duck and served in a duck-broth reduction, as well as hand-rolled spaghetti topped with a delicate ragù of lamb and fresh tomato.

I joined Rogério for dinner one night at Fasano Restaurante Bebel Gilberto, the bossa nova star, was sitting a few tables away. As her new CD began playing on the sound system, she skipped over to our table and planted kisses on everyone. "The Fasano," she proclaimed, "is the best restaurant in the world!"

On my last night in São Paulo, I met Humberto for dinner at Spot, a restaurant in Cerqueira César, near Jardins, with a menu that fuses European and Asian cuisines. This is one of Humberto&aposs favorite places and a regular stop for design and media insiders. Humberto and I sat listening to loud samba music and eating simple but impeccably prepared dishes—grilled salmon fillet with steamed spinach, linguine with Thai-spiced chicken𠅊nd thinking about where we&aposd go for a nightcap.

São Paulo&aposs nightlife easily rivals that of just about any other city on earth. It&aposs not until after dinner, at around midnight, that things start rolling. I&aposd already gone with Humberto and his friends to a club called Love Story in Centro by the time we&aposd left, at 5:45 a.m., the line to get in extended down the block. After our dinner at Spot, we contemplated going to D-Edge, a new disco on the other side of town, but decided on a relatively mellower option: Baretto, the Fasano&aposs lounge. When we got there at 2 a.m., the crowd was listening to a quintet play "Fly Me to the Moon." As we sat on leather couches, our tuxedoed waiter brought us whisky on the rocks, and Humberto told me about one of his newest creations𠅊n enormous chair, made of hand-rolled bits of carpet and rubber, meant to look like maki. New York City may not yet be ready for chairs like this, but next time I&aposm in São Paulo, I fully expect to be reclining in one at the city&aposs latest hangout.

Nick Reding, a freelance writer based in New York, is the author of The Last Cowboys at the End of the World: The Story of the Gauchos of Patagonia.

Analysis of recipes of home-prepared diets for dogs and cats published in Portuguese

The present study evaluated recipes of home-prepared diets for dogs and cats published in Portuguese. A total of 106 diets were evaluated: eighty for dogs, twenty-four for cats and two intended for both species. A commercial software package was used to analyse the diets, and an ingredient chemical composition database was built based on the Brazilian Tables of Food Composition and United States Department of Agriculture Nutrient Database. The estimated chemical composition of each recipe was compared with the Nutritional Guidelines for Complete and Complementary Pet Food for Cats and Dogs (Fédération Européenne de L'industrie des Aliments Pour Animaux Familiers FEDIAF, 2014) recommendations for maintenance (as units/MJ). Most recipes (48 %) had no precise determination of ingredients and quantities. All diets had at least one nutrient below the recommendations, and all investigated nutrients were deficient in at least one diet. The most frequent nutrients below recommendation were: Fe (68·3 % of the recipes for dogs 100 % of the recipes for cats) vitamin E (82·9 % of the dog recipes 84·6 % of the cat recipes) Zn (75·6 % for dogs 88·4 % for cats) Ca (73·2 % for dogs 73 % for cats) Cu (85·4 % for dogs 69·2 % for cats) choline (85·4 % for dogs 69·2 % for cats) riboflavin (65·8 % for dogs 11·5 % for cats) thiamine (39 % for dogs 80·7 % for cats) and vitamin B12 (61 % for dogs 34·6 % for cats). These recipes may potentially expose animals to nutritional deficiencies, and it is important to inform the owners of the risks of providing home-prepared diets. Better training of professionals that intend to prescribe home-prepared diets is advisable.

Keywords: BW, body weight Cat nutrition Dog nutrition FEDIAF, Fédération Européenne de L'industrie des Aliments Pour Animaux Familiers Home-made diets ME, metabolisable energy Nutritional deficiency.

What to Eat and Drink at the Sao Paulo Market

The first key tip to remember when you are visiting the market is not to load up on the first stall that you visit.

You’ll find yourself carrying that bag of fruit for the rest of your visit, and that can be for a long time as there’s so much to see.

Among the items worth looking out for if you fancy a snack during your visit is the mortadella sandwich.

A meaty feast inside a traditional bread roll that is intimidating in its size. Another snack worth trying, is the cod pastel, a pastry stuffed with cod and diced potatoes in a parsley sauce.

There are also several stalls that sell fruit juice in the market. It’s an experience on its own to try these exotic blends.

Visiting the Mezzanine

On the second floor of the market many visitors rest their tired feet after exploring the market. There are a wealth of amazing restaurants to enjoy here.

These restaurants and bars make great use of the ingredients available downstairs.

And you can enjoy cocktails made with fresh fruits to accompany the wonderful dishes on offer here.

I had a caipirinha where the server brought over several different options for flavours (watch the video).

I also ordered a shrimp pastel, which is kind of like a giant shrimp and cheese empanada. It wasn’t expensive at all.

However, some of the restaurants upstairs are upmarket meeting spots.

Before you spend a fortune check the prices on the menu before taking a seat and placing your order.

Staying Safe During Your Visit

A visit to the Municipal Market in Sao Paulo is no more dangerous than any other tourist attraction in the city.

As long as you are vigilant, and stay on the main roads around the market you will be as safe as the thousands of other visitors in the area.

Pickpockets do operate in the area, so make sure you keep your purse or wallet and documents in an inside pocket.

Make sure any valuables like cameras aren’t left exposed. Many of the stalls will offer free samples, and they may try to encourage you to make a purchase having tried their wares.

But if they start to get too pushy, be ready to walk away.

Have you been to Sao Paulo market? If so what was your favourite part?

Sao Paulo authorities plead with China to release vaccines

A health worker gives a shot of the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine to Sergio Quitanilla, 55, during a priority vaccination program for people with Down syndrome, in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Monday, May 10, 2021. Andre Penner/AP

SAO PAULO (AP) &mdash Authorities in Brazil's most populous state on Wednesday said they have mobilized to try to convince the Chinese government to authorize the export of raw material to make millions of COVID-19 vaccines needed amid a sudden shortage.

The South American nation is highly dependent on a shot made by pharmaceutical company Sinovac for its immunization efforts, and in recent weeks several Brazilian cities have either suspended or delayed vaccinations due to faltering supplies.

The factory that produces the vaccine locally, at Sao Paulo's state-run Butantan Institute, has slowed production due to lack of raw material, and Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro and his economy minister, Paulo Guedes, made statements critical of China this month. Sao Paulo's Gov. João Doria &mdash an adversary of Bolsonaro's &mdash implied their comments may have created the bottleneck.

Hours after speaking to China&rsquos ambassador to Brazil, Doria said in a press conference that Bolsonaro and Guedes should apologize to the Asian nation for their recent comments so China can resume exports.

&ldquoHe (Chinese ambassador Yang Wanming) told me he will talk to China&rsquos ministry of foreign affairs tomorrow to renew his appeal to release the raw material that is ready at the Sinovac laboratory,&rdquo Doria said. &ldquoThat raw material is ready and available in refrigerated containers, just waiting for the authorization of the Chinese government.&rdquo

Doria added there was risk of a halt in immunization efforts if about 10,000 liters of raw material stuck in China &mdash enough to bottle 18 million shots &mdash doesn't arrive soon.

The Chinese embassy in the capital Brasilia, when contacted by the AP, didn't confirm the call with Gov. Doria took place.

Dimas Covas, the head of the Butantan Institute, also said on Wednesday he had called Brazil&rsquos ambassador to China, Paulo Mesquita, to ask him to step up the pressure on Beijing. He added that a representative of Sao Paulo&rsquos state government who had been based in Shanghai moved to the Chinese capital one week ago to bolster their efforts.

Bolsonaro suggested on May 5 that China had benefited economically during the pandemic and echoed a conspiracy theory that the disease may have been created in a laboratory, without providing evidence.

&rdquoIt is a new virus, nobody knows if it was born in a laboratory or by some human being that ate an inadequate animal. But it is there. The military knows what chemical, bacteriological and radiologic war is. Aren&rsquot we facing a new war?&rdquo Bolsonaro said during an event at the presidential palace. &ldquoWhich country grew its GDP the most? I won&rsquot tell you.&rdquo

Later that day, the Brazilian president denied that he had been referring to China and blamed the media for the blowback.

A few days earlier, Economy Minister Guedes said during a live feed of a meeting with the nation's health minister that the Chinese &ldquoinvented&rdquo COVID-19.

&ldquoHow can they attack those who supply us with raw materials and vaccines to save Brazil&rsquos population?&rdquo Doria said at the press conference.

The AstraZeneca vaccine, the only other that Brazil has so far used on a massive scale, also depends on raw material imported from China. Only 7.3% of the country&rsquos population has been fully vaccinated against the disease, according to Our World in Data, an online research site. More than 420,000 Brazilians have died of COVID-19.

Brazil&rsquos foreign relations ministry said in a statement Tuesday night it is &ldquopermanently following the process of authorization of raw materials export.&rdquo It added that foreign minister Carlos França has recently spoken with China&rsquos foreign affairs minister, Wang Yi, seeking more cooperation in the fight against the pandemic

&ldquo(Chinese authorities) reiterated that possible delays are not intentional, given that China is exporting raw material to several countries, which brings an extensive demand and overload both in the fabrication of vaccines and ingredients and in bureaucratic procedures,&rdquo the foreign relations ministry said in an emailed response to questions.

AP reporter Marcelo Sousa contributed to this report from Rio de Janeiro.

House Hunting in . São Paulo

This four-bedroom, five-and-a-half-bath house is in Cidade Jardim, an upscale neighborhood that borders the Pinheiros River and is about five miles southwest of the financial district of São Paulo, Brazil’s most populous city.

The two-level, 4,954-square-foot house, situated behind stone walls on 0.13 acre, is being sold fully furnished, said Luiza Cazarin, the international relations coordinator for the listing broker, Axpe Imóveis Especiais, an affiliate of Christie’s International Real Estate. The home was built in 1970 and underwent an 18-month overhaul after the current owners bought it in 2012.

The owners, who are moving to Italy, opted for a contemporary aesthetic in the renovations, led by Vivian Calissi, a local interior designer. They used a mostly muted palette in the finishes and textured wall coverings, with bursts of color in the artwork and accessories, outfitting the spacious rooms with modern Italian furnishings.

Entry is through two sets of doors, with a small garden in between. The main carved wooden doors open to a hallway. There is a lounge area with a piano that flows into the living and dining rooms, both of which have double-height ceilings. The living room has a wall of custom bookcases at one end and glass doors that open to a garden with a seating area. “The whole house was designed so all the rooms had a view of some garden,” Ms. Cazarin said.

The main floor features a large open space with a home-theater area and an eat-in kitchen with stainless-steel appliances this portion of the house looks out onto yet another garden and a modest pool. There is also a small office and staff quarters.

Upstairs are the en-suite bedrooms, which have garden views and bathrooms with anti-fog mirrors. The master suite has dual spalike baths with soaking tubs separated by a large glass-enclosed shower stall, as well as a dressing area and closets.

This house is on a quiet street not far from the lush 35-acre Parque Alfredo Volpi and the 33-acre Parque do Povo, or People’s Park, on the other side of the Pinheiros River. It is also close to the Jockey Club horse racing facility, the Cidade Jardim shopping center and the University of São Paulo. It is about an hour from the São Paulo international airport, and farther from the beaches Guarujá beach is more than 60 miles away.


The housing market is still recovering from Brazil’s recent economic and political turmoil. The economy fell into a deep recession starting in 2014, and last year, the president, Dilma Rousseff, was impeached amid charges of corruption and misconduct. “This affected international interest,” Ms. Cazarin said.

Home prices fell sharply throughout the country, reversing some of the gains from the previous bull market, which began in 2008. But the outlook for housing is improving — particularly in the São Paulo region, agents said — as the economy shows signs of stabilizing and interest rates head lower. “The residential real estate market in Brazil now is starting to pick up after two years where business was very slow,” said Sylvia Agricola, a broker at Bossa Nova Sotheby’s International Realty.

And international buyers and investors have been returning, in search of bargains, agents said. The average price for a home in the popular neighborhoods outside the city center is now around $1 million, Ms. Cazarin said.


Residents of the Cidade Jardim neighborhood are mostly Brazilian, agents said, but the larger São Paulo market draws many foreigners.

“They’re usually coming because they have business in the city and usually for a specific period,” Ms. Cazarin said, noting that expatriates often choose to rent. “The foreigners that do buy are usually Americans and Europeans, mostly from Germany, Portugal or Spain.”


To acquire property in Brazil, foreign buyers must have a tax identification number, or what’s known as a CPF it’s easy to obtain and inexpensive. There are no restrictions on purchases, except for certain agricultural property, said Samantha Dangot, a real estate lawyer based in São Paulo.

Agents recommend hiring an experienced lawyer to help with transactions. “We don’t have escrow companies here, so lawyers have to analyze all documents before the sale goes through,” Ms. Dangot said. “That process can take from two weeks to a month.”

Buyers and sellers will need to sign a public deed drafted by a notary, who then registers the sale. All transactions are done in Brazilian reais, and most often in cash. “Credit is still very complicated, even for locals,” Ms. Dangot said, adding that the local mortgage rates are “extremely high.”


Portuguese Brazilian real (1 real = .32)


The seller usually pays the brokerage commission, which ranges from 5 to 8 percent of the purchase price. Buyers are generally responsible for the closing costs, which are typically 6 to 8 percent of the purchase price, including legal, notary and registration fees, as well as a municipal tax on the transfer of property, called ITBI. “Every municipality has a different ITBI that ranges between 2 and 3 percent,” Ms. Dangot said.

The annual property taxes on this house are around $4,500, Ms. Cazarin said.

Bruno Covas, mayor of Sao Paulo, dies of cancer at age 41

BRASILIA, Brazil (AP) — Bruno Covas, the mayor of Sao Paulo, died of cancer on Sunday, according to the press office of Brazil’s biggest city. He was 41.

Covas, a grandson of a governor of Sao Paulo state, was elected as state congressman and later to the national congress before becoming mayor in 2018. He was re-elected as mayor last year.

His party, the Brazilian Social Democracy Party, mourned his death, describing Covas as one of its ″most promising and brilliant leaders” and praising his efforts to build new schools, hospitals and housing for Sao Paulo.

Covas, who took leave from his job in early May, was suffering from cancer of the digestive system. Last month, doctors said the cancer had spread to his liver and bones.

The deputy mayor, Ricardo Nunes, will lead the city for the remainder of the mayor’s term, which ends in early 2025.


Many modern variants of the dish are based on feijoada recipes popularized in the Brazilian regions of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Recife, and Salvador. In Brazil, feijoada (feijoada brasileira) is often considered a national dish.

Brazilian feijoada Edit

Registered for the first time in Recife, State of Pernambuco, feijoada has been described as a national dish of Brazil, especially of Rio de Janeiro, as other parts of Brazil have other regional dishes. [6] [7] The Brazilian version of feijoada (feijoada completa) [8] is prepared with black beans, [4] a variety of salted pork or beef products, such as pork [4] trimmings (ears, tail, feet), [4] bacon, smoked pork ribs, and at least two types of smoked sausage and jerked beef (loin and tongue). In some regions of the northeast, like Bahia and Sergipe, vegetables like cabbage, kale, potatoes, carrots, okra, pumpkin, chayote and sometimes banana are frequently added, at the end of the cooking, on top of the meat, so they are cooked by the vapors of the beans and meat stew. The final dish has the beans and meat pieces barely covered by a dark purplish-brown broth. The taste is strong, moderately salty but not spicy, dominated by black bean and meat stew flavors. It is customary to serve it with white rice and oranges, the latter to help with digestion, as well as couve, a side dish of stir-fried, chopped collard greens, and a crumbly topping called farofa, made of manioc flour.

Feijão com arroz is the rice and beans without the addition of the meat and is not considered as feijoada.

Depending on the region of Brazil, the type of bean used in feijoada varies. While in some regions like Rio de Janeiro or Minas Gerais, feijoada is typically prepared with black beans, in Goias and Bahia brown or red beans are more commonly used.

As a celebratory dish, feijoada is traditionally served on Saturday afternoons or Sunday lunch and intended to be a leisurely midday meal. It is meant to be enjoyed throughout the day and not eaten under rushed circumstances. The meal is usually eaten among extended family and paired with an event like watching a soccer game or other social event. Because of the dish's heavy ingredients and rich flavors, feijoada is viewed as Brazilian soul food. In the city of São Paulo, feijoada is a typical dish in working-class restaurants on Wednesdays and Saturdays, mainly in the commercial area. In Rio de Janeiro, restaurants traditionally serve it on Fridays. [9] The dish is normally served with a choice among a selection of meats, e.g. pork, bacon, pig ears, pig feet, to fulfill the customer’s needs. Other variations of feijoada, such as the low fat version or the vegetarian. [10] The dish is frequently compared to American Southern Soul Food, which shares many similarities in terms of ingredients and taste. [11]

According to legend, the origins of Brazil’s national dish, feijoada, stem from its history with slavery. Slaves would supposedly craft this hearty dish out of black beans and pork leftovers given to them from their households. These leftovers included pig feet, ears, tail, and other portions seen as unfit for the master and his family. However, the theory has recently been contested to be considered a modern advertising technique rather than its origin. Instead, scholars argue that the history of feijoada traces back to Brazil’s cultivation of black beans. Because of the crop’s relatively low production cost and the simplicity of its maintenance, the beans became a staple food among European settlers in Brazil. Although both the upper classes and the poor ate black beans, the upper classes particularly enjoyed them with an assortment of meat and vegetables, similar to feijoada. In contrast, the poor and enslaved usually ate a mixture of black beans and manioc flour. [12]

Feijoada is traditionally consumed with orange slices as a side dish, which is likely to increase the bean's iron absorption. [13]

Feijoada was featured on the Netflix TV series, Street Food volume 2, which focused on Latin American Street Foods. [14]

Watch the video: Queen - Another One Bites the Dust Sao Paulo 2031981


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